The Homework Monster and the Flipped Classroom

--Originally published at FlippingPhysicswithMrGraves

    This week for the #flipclass chat we were asked to blog about homework and how homework has changed over time.  Being a high school science teacher I did what I was taught and trained to do, which was "go home and do these problems and read the book and come back with the problems done."  I did this method, and did lectures in class, for the first 12 years of my career.

     I started to notice more and more students becoming more and more bored in my class, no matter what I did.  So, I decided it's not them it's me that needs to be changed and I started flipping my classroom.  I know from professional development I teach, that we need to make homework meaningful and not just busywork that cannot be done in class.  So, I started by having my regular physics students read a section at home and participate in a chat room on our districts Moodle site.  The "lecture" session of class would simply be answering the questions the students had.  This morphed into the students asking if they could answer each others questions.  I loved this idea because it fostered the communications between the students that I wanted.  Then I attended an ISTE presentation about the video idea and I loved it!  I initially gave the students a note packet to fill out with four basic questions:

1.  Write a 3 sentence summary about what you watched  
2.  What were the main terms of the presentation and the definitions?  
3.  What were the mathematical formulas in the section?  
4.  What questions do you have from watching the video?

     What I learned from this was the students are really bad at asking questions because they don't like to think about what they don't know, and these notes were too vague.  So, I tweaked the video sheet to be more topic specific.  As I analyzed this I realized this was mainly a note sheet, so I gave the students Cornell notes packets and encouraged them to use them.

     This system worked well, but what I really wanted was a quick assessment of the students to see what the students picked up from the videos, so I started using forms like this:

I have learned things from this:

1.  Students who did not work hard on traditional homework do not work hard on this.  They, like me when I was a student, will fly through an assessment if given the opportunity.
2.  I need to keep asking questions that pertain to the students and catch them.
3.  I need to teach the students how to ask questions for discussions.  My upper level physics students are good at this, but my conceptual physics students not so much.

     Now my students do the traditional homework in class.  I like it because now I can see what problems the students have and we talk about that.  I like the flipped model so much more because I get to work with the students and what they are working on at home and the students can work on advanced work at home, other than when they are spending the 20-25 minutes to fill out the video assessment.

     So, I went from a traditional homework method to the flipped model, and I really like it.  My students seem to like it.  The grades have improved from when I did this before, although I don't know if it is simply the kids.  The students now know that I know what they are constantly doing and are more open to ask questions.

    I would love to hear others thoughts, comments, questions on this topic.


  • I very much liked the format you use for your assignments , the google doc. I am new to “flipping”, this year is my first year. I have also noticed the same things you write about, especially the fact that the improved achievement is due to students asking more questions.
    I am not a big supporter of homework and ideally I would love my students to do everything in class, watch videos and work on examples, but we often lack time to do everything in class. That is why I realy like your google doc form, that way I would be able to get even more feedback from students.
    Thanks a lot!

    • You’re welcome, Lana. I have really enjoyed updating my google docs this year when they have the quiz feature, which not only allows for easy access of results for me, but the students can see the scores of the quiz. Thanks for the comments. Please feel free to read more of my posts and comment on them. Have a good weekend.

  • I am highly interested in Google Forms and integrating it into my classroom. Since Google Forms is online; do you find that your students are more eager to complete the homework tasks? Does this make taking the time to create them worth it? Do you have your students provide feedback to you about the homework assignments? Thank you so much for any input.

    • It took time to teach the students the best way to prepare them how best to use the forms. I think the fact the students could access the document whenever they wanted makes it a great review item. Also, I demonstrated that the students answers and responses were valued and reviewed their answers and questions they had in class. Once they saw that, it made it more effective to use. Also, my students test scores increased over time as well.

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